Sun Hee Baek
한국은 대표적 저출생 국가로 1980년 대비 2020년의 아동인구는 약 절반 수준으로 감소함. 장기적으로 생산가능인구의 감소로 이어져, 한국의 지속가능성의 문제 유발함. 아동에 대한 관심이 높아짐.
South Korea is a leading low-birth country, with the child population declining by about half in 2020 compared to 1980. In the long run, it leads to a decline in the productive population, which leads to problems with the sustainability of Korea. Increased interest in children. South Korea is a developed economy, but the level of happiness of children is low. Materially affluent, but lacking in subjective happiness, relationships between friends and family, and leisure activities. In Korea, parents are burdened with child rearing, children are not happy because of excessive competition, and class gaps impede the development of children in poverty. COVID-19 is decreasing home-rearing capacity and increasing the number of children in crisis. The Inclusive National Children's Policy (2019) is a policy that expands national responsibility to enable children to enjoy the happiness of the presentand the future, a paradigm shift in the direction of investing in the future to emphasizing the responsibility of the child as a right actor in the objects of child happiness, nurturing and discipline in the present and future, and the responsibility of the parents at the center of the responsibility of the child. Formed as the basis for the Second Basic Plan for Children's Policy (2020-2024). Announced the 4th Promotion Strategy through the 2nd Plan with the vision of a happy country for children (realizing the rights of children as a rights holder, supporting healthy and balanced development, strengthening national responsibility for a fair start, and innovating children's policies in response to COVID-19). It also announced comprehensive children's policy tasks, including: Establishing a legal basis for the reflection of child-centered policies (enacting the Basic Law on the Child), conducting an assessment of the impact of children's policies, eliminating blind spots in children's rights, ensuring children's rights in family life, strengthening the management of children's mental health, establishing a public-centered child protection system infrastructure, expanding and internalizing the operation of child care, ensuring the continuity of national responsibility for vulnerable children, strengthening support for children from diverse backgrounds, strengthening support for vulnerable groups, etc., The establishment of an emergency care support system in response to COVID-19 and the implementation of a pilot project for non-face-to-face child protection services, etc. In particular, the formation of a public child protection system is a major change.
Bakne Im and Hyejin Kim
코로나19로 대표되는 재난은 아동의 삶에 많은 변화를 가져왔다. 특히 재난은 한국에서 일반아동 보다 빈곤아동 및 취약아동의 일상에 더 큰 부정적인 영향을 준 것으로 보고된다(아동권리보장원, 2020; 정익중 외, 2020; 신영미, 권순범, 2021; 박미희, 2020; 남재현, 이래혁, 2021). 가장 먼저, 본 연구는 코로나19 시기 (2021년 2월~2021년 12월) 정부와 민간 NGO 단체, 개인 연구자들이 수행한 아동의 삶과 관련된 실태조사와 관련 연구를 통해 코로나19가 빈곤아동에게 미친 영향과 심화된 사회적 배제의 모습을 살펴보았다. 빈곤아동은 비빈곤아동에 비해서 생활에 필수적인 재화와 서비스, 건강, 돌봄, 교육, 문화, 주거, 사회적 참여 등 다차원적인 박탈의 수준이 훨씬 열악했고 이러한 박탈을 만회할 수 있는 국가의 정책적 개입의 필요성을 제기했다. 이에 코로나19 시기 한국 정부의 정책적·실천적 대응 정책이 빈곤아동이 경험한 이러한 사회적 배제를 방지하는 것이었는지에 초점을 두고 분석을 시도하였으며, 사회적 배제의 영역에 따른 관련 대응 정책의 유무와 내용평가를 통해 정부의 대응의 한계점과 나아가야 할 방향을 제시하고자 하였다.
Creative Mentoring is a one-to-one service for looked after, or care experienced children and young people. It uses the expertise and experiences, of various creative professionals across the arts, to inspire individuals in achieving their potential. DCC’s Virtual school piloted the Creative Mentor programme back in 2008, through the Amber Factory. It is now being rolled out across the East and West Midlands through an arts organisation called- The Mighty Creatives. The Creative Mentors support wellbeing through engagement and participation in the arts. The development of the creative relationship and enjoyment in art-based activities improves educational attainment, and progression pathways. A personalised creative journey begins where the mentor and student work together, and new skills and new ways of being are discovered and shared. Working alongside artists and creative professionals provides an opportunity for the whole team around a child to move in a more positive and pro-active direction, moving away from a deficit model of engagement to one that starts from what the young person or child can do, and wants to do, raising aspirations, confidence and self-esteem.
Han Yoo Jung
코로나19 관련 한국의 민간단체 지원 활동: 굿네이버스를 중심으로
Families Lived Experiences of Universal Credit in the UK Welfare in the UK has often been considered complex and complicated the Universal Credit system, has been presented as a system to streamline the services by combining six benefits: housing benefit, Income Support, Working Tax Credit, Child Tax Credit, Income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Income-based Jobseekers Allowance, into one universal benefit. This presentation draws upon Robyn Fawcett’s doctoral research, which carried out 37 qualitative longitudinal interviews between February 2020 and September 2021. The findings demonstrate, widespread service harms such as the five-week wait, managing and childcare challenges which compound everyday challenges for example mental health difficulties. Furthermore, the research addresses the impact of conflicting responsibilities between Universal Credit commitments, caring responsibilities and budgeting which impact parents wellbeing and time to be present with their families.