Assisted desistance and young offenders in Quebec: what have we learned so far?
Assisted desistance (AD) studies aim to understand how psycho-social rehabilitation specialists can facilitate, accelerate, or support the process of desistance from crime (stopping crimes in order to (re)become a citizen). The DA refers as much to the interventions offered by the actors of the community environment (mentors, ex-offenders, etc.) and those of the penal justice system for adolescents or adults (juvenile probation officers, correctional officers, etc.). The communication will aim to present the findings from three different projects led by the speakers on AD to better understand the consequences of the interventions offered to young people. This first project is called: Youth Reintegration Process and is based on process notes of 396 youth under Conditional Order Sentence. The second, Transcendence collected life stories of 31 young adults who commit (or committed) crimes. And for the third, ReSo 16-35, semi-directed interviews were conducted with 146 young persons that were judicialized. Taken together, these studies highlight the complexity of desistance processes and the obstacles to social (re)integration, in addition to highlighting the importance of mobilizing different sources of social support to optimize the chances of "success" of penal measures and socio-penal interventions.